kidney with Five renal arteries

A 9-year-old girl with a single dysplastic kidney and chronic kidney disease presented to the hospital to undergo transplantation of a kidney from a deceased donor. During preparation of the kidney for transplantation, the donor kidney was found to have five renal arteries. During fetal development, multiple mesonephric arteries supply blood to the kidney. Typically, […]

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Above-the-knee replantation in a child: a case report with a 24-year follow-up

On April 23, 1986, a 3-year-old girl was brought to our institution after a 1.5-ton truck ran over her left lower limb. She suffered a floating knee injury with fractures at the supracondylar level of the femur and middle third of the tibia. An above the knee and near-total amputation was sustained at the supracondylar […]

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Tenosynovitis Due to Mycobacterium avium Complex

A 51-year-old right-handed man presented to the clinic with a 3-year history of worsening swelling of the left wrist associated with pain and numbness in the fingers. His medical history included type 2 diabetes and human immunodeficiency virus infection; he was adherent to an antiretroviral therapy regimen and his CD4 cell count was 357 per […]

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Thoracic Stab Wound: A Curious Case Report

Case Presentation A 38-year-old male, a chronic alcoholic who committed an attempt of suicide, was presented to the emergency department of the University Hospital “St. George”- Plovdiv. On initial presentation, the patient was in a prone position, awake, oriented, and hemodynamically stable (blood pressure 140/90 mmHg and heart rate 92 bpm). The external examination revealed […]

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Caput medusae in alcoholic liver disease

Caput medusae is the appearance of distended and engorged superficial epigastric veins, which are seen radiating from the umbilicus across the abdomen. Case report: A 53-year-old man, with history of alcohol consumption of 60 gm/day for 20 years, presented with swelling of the legs, abdominal distension, and a collapsible localized swelling over the abdomen since 3 […]

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