Emergency thoracotomy

Thoracotomy is an incision into the pleural space of the chest. The procedure allows immediate direct access to the thoracic cavity, permitting rescuers to control hemorrhage, relieve cardiac tamponade, repair or control major injuries to the heart, lungs or thoracic vasculature, and perform direct cardiac massage or defibrillation Technique A left anterolateral thoracotomy is the common method of opening the chest, as […]

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Polycystic kidney

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is an inherited disorder in which clusters of cysts develop primarily within your kidneys, causing your kidneys to enlarge and lose function over time. Cysts are noncancerous round sacs containing fluid. The cysts vary in size, and they can grow very large. Having many cysts or large cysts can damage your […]

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Did you know that Viagra was originally developed for the treatment of hypertension and angina pectoris ?

The sildenafil compound was originally developed by Pfizer for the treatment of hypertension (high blood pressure) and angina pectoris (chest pain due to heart disease). During the heart clinical trials, researchers discovered that the drug was more effective at inducing erections than treating angina. Pfizer realized ED was an unmet medical need and a major opportunity for […]

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Elephantiasis tropica

Elephantiasis is the enlargement and hardening of limbs or body parts due to tissue swelling.[1][2] It is characterised by edema, hypertrophy, and fibrosis of skin and subcutaneous tissues, due to obstruction of lymphatic vessels.[2] It may affect the genitalia.[2] The term elephantiasis is often used in reference to (symptoms caused by) parasitic worm infections,[1][2] but may refer to variety of diseases […]

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The Fregoli Delusion: A Disorder of Person Identification and Tracking

Abstract Fregoli delusion is the mistaken belief that some person currently present in the deluded person’s environment (typically a stranger) is a familiar person in disguise. The stranger is believed to be psychologically identical to this known person (who is not present) even though the deluded person perceives the physical appearance of the stranger as […]

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A woman was denied a transplant because she had alcohol in her system despite saying she doesn’t drink. It turned out she had ‘auto-brewery syndrome.’

A 61-year-old woman with cirrhosis was denied a liver transplant when doctors suspected she had a drinking problem. She had tested positive for alcohol use despite claiming she didn’t drink. The woman actually had a rare disorder called auto-brewery syndrome, when the body produces alcohol internally due to bacteria and yeast. It is the first-known […]

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“The Ghost Heart”

Decellularization (also spelt decellularisation in British English) is the process used in biomedical engineering to isolate the extracellular matrix (ECM) of a tissue from its inhabiting cells, leaving an ECM scaffold of the original tissue, which can be used in artificial organ and tissue regeneration. Organ and tissue transplantation treat a variety of medical problems, ranging from end organ failure to cosmetic surgery. One of the greatest limitations […]

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The Absence of Pain

As soon as he stuck the needle into the newborn baby’s heel, Dr. Yashuhiro Indo knew something was wrong. “I was thinking out loud, why does this baby not cry?’” said Dr. Indo, a pediatrician and molecular geneticist from Kumamoto University. There exists a small group of people who, like this baby, have never felt […]

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Fish Odor Syndrome

Abstract Trimethylaminuria, better known as fish odor syndrome, is a psychologically disabling condition in which a patient emits a foul odor, which resembles that of rotting fish. The disorder is most commonly caused by an inherited deficiency in flavin monooxygenase 3, the vital enzyme for the metabolism of trimethylamine, which is the compound responsible for […]

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Abdominoplasty

Abdominoplasty or “tummy tuck” is a cosmetic surgery procedure used to make the abdomenthinner and more firm. The surgery involves the removal of excess skin and fat from the middle and lower abdomen in order to tighten the muscle and fascia of the abdominal wall. This type of surgery is usually sought by patients with loose or sagging tissues after pregnancy or major weight loss. Abdominoplasty operations […]

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