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Effectiveness of a Breathing Training Program on Quality of Life in Patients with Predialysis Chronic Kidney Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Summarized by: Granit Rudi, MD

Copyright : © 2020 Indian Journal of Palliative CareThis is an open access journal, and articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as appropriate credit is given and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms.

Various studies/researches revealing that breathing exercises have a positive and favorable impact on different systems of the body. A similar topic was also studied by Kharbteng L. et al., aiming to find if these breathing exercises could also have a positive impact on patients with chronic kidney disease, knowing that chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients have suboptimal quality of life (QOL). The aim of the study was to show if there would be an increase in quality of life in these patients using a questionnaire tool called KDQOL-36, consisting of 36 questions with the highest score being 100. In this study, 60 CKD patients were picked and were randomly put on two groups: The “intervention” group, in which patients would undergo a breathing training program consisting of three breathing exercises, and the control group in which no breathing program was taught and hence served as a control group.

After 4 weeks consisting of 15 min/day breathing exercises, the results in the intervention group were very promising, with a significant difference between the groups measured by the KDQOL-36 tool. The difference between the groups was a 10% increase in quality of life between the groups, with the research paper concluding that simple breathing exercises such as Alternate nostril breathing, 4-7-8 breathing exercise and the breath counting technique could have an impact on the quality of life of chronic kidney disease patients.