Case Reports

Esophageal Varices

Marcelle Meseeha; Maximos Attia. Author Information Introduction Esophageal varices are dilated submucosal distal esophageal veins connecting the portal and systemic circulations. This happens due to portal hypertension (most commonly a result of cirrhosis), resistance to portal blood flow, and increased portal venous blood inflow. The most common fatal complication of cirrhosis is variceal rupture; the severity of liver […]


Introduction Mark W. Jones; Richard A. Lopez; Jeffrey G. Deppen. Appendicitis is inflammation of the vermiform appendix. Appendix a hollow organ located at the tip of the cecum, usually in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen. However, it can be located in almost any area of the abdomen, depending on if there were any abnormal developmental issues, including midgut […]

Case report of a baby with Retinoblastoma

This baby had advanced retinoblastoma. They did an orbital exoneration. The baby did well but will need chemo and/or radiation. The prognosis is not good however. The baby went home in about 4 days. What is Retinoblastoma?Retinoblastoma is an eye cancer that begins in the retina — the sensitive lining on the inside of your […]

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“The hand of God” – nurses try to comfort isolated patients in a Brazilian Covid isolation ward

From Brazil , a country that has recorded a very high number of infections from Covid-19, comes ““mão de deus“ “, conceived by a Brazilian nurse to break down the barrier of isolation and give comfort to the patients. For over a year engaged in the fight against Coronavirus , doctors and nurses all over the world, in addition to ensuring the necessary health care for patients forced to live in […]

The Youngest Patient in United States to Receive Face Transplant

Katie Stubblefield’s wit shows through when she describes her face transplant surgery. “Longest nap of my entire life,” she says. Those unfamiliar with Katie’s still-developing speech pattern may not easily make out those words, but her parents are usually there to interpret. Robb and Alesia Stubblefield have been by her side – helping her “take […]


In 1916, young ENT surgeon Harold Gillies set up Britain’s first plastic surgery unit, where he practised the ‘strange new art’ of facial reconstruction for those who had suffered severe injuries and burns. Gillies was given the go-ahead, and by January 1916 was setting up Britain’s first plastic surgery unit at the Cambridge Military Hospital in Aldershot. Gillies toured base hospitals […]

First African American to receive a face transplant

Robert Chelsea suffered severe injuries after getting hit by a drunk driver in 2013. After months of waiting for the right donor, the first African American man to undergo a full face transplant is recovering from a successful procedure. Chelsea has led a difficult life the last few years — he was left severely disfigured […]