The hand of a doctor after removing his medical precautionary suit and gloves after 10 hours of duty.

Background The use of examination gloves is part of the standard precautions to prevent medical staff from transmission of infectious agents between patients. Gloves also protect the staff from infectious agents originating from patients. Adequate protection, however, depends on intact gloves. The risk of perforation of examination gloves is thought to correlate with duration of […]

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Ambulance charges patient 8000$ for a 20 mile trip

Devin Hall, a 67-year-old retired postal inspector in Northern California. While he faces stage 3 prostate cancer, Hall is also fighting a $7,109.70 out-of-network ambulance bill from American Medical Response, the nation’s largest ambulance provider. On Dec. 27, 2016, Hall went to a local hospital with rectal bleeding. Since the hospital didn’t have the right specialist to […]

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11 week old fetus

An 11-week-old human fetus that has died in the womb has gone through ‘Diaphonization’: Cleaned & given chemical compounds to bring out the color of the soft tissue, especially the original transparent skin. Scientists do it to examine the diseases that cause miscarriages. What is a miscarriage? Miscarriage is when an embryo or fetus dies before the 20th week […]

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Emergency department thoracotomy for the critically injured patient: Objectives, indications, and outcomes

Release pericardial tamponade and control cardiac hemorrhageThe highest survival rate following EDT is in patients with penetrating cardiac wounds, especially when associated with pericardial tamponade [7,17]. Early recognition of cardiac tamponade, prompt pericardial decompression, and control of cardiac hemorrhage are the key components to successful EDT and patient survival following penetrating wounds to the heart […]

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Dilated cardiomyopathy

Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Views of the heart in a 61-year-old woman who had had evidence of chronic heart failure since age 51 years. She did reasonably well on medical therapy until age 59 years, when the heart failure worsened considerably and an implantable cardiac defibrillator was inserted. During the 2 years before transplant, the heart […]

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Cyst Removal

What is a Cyst? A cyst is a closed sac, having a distinct membrane and division compared with the nearby tissue. It may contain air, fluids, or semi-solid material. A collection of pus is called an abscess, not a cyst. Once formed, sometimes a cyst may resolve on its own. When a cyst fails to resolve, it may need to be removed surgically, but that would […]

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Emergency thoracotomy

Thoracotomy is an incision into the pleural space of the chest. The procedure allows immediate direct access to the thoracic cavity, permitting rescuers to control hemorrhage, relieve cardiac tamponade, repair or control major injuries to the heart, lungs or thoracic vasculature, and perform direct cardiac massage or defibrillation Technique A left anterolateral thoracotomy is the common method of opening the chest, as […]

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Polycystic kidney

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is an inherited disorder in which clusters of cysts develop primarily within your kidneys, causing your kidneys to enlarge and lose function over time. Cysts are noncancerous round sacs containing fluid. The cysts vary in size, and they can grow very large. Having many cysts or large cysts can damage your […]

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Did you know that Viagra was originally developed for the treatment of hypertension and angina pectoris ?

The sildenafil compound was originally developed by Pfizer for the treatment of hypertension (high blood pressure) and angina pectoris (chest pain due to heart disease). During the heart clinical trials, researchers discovered that the drug was more effective at inducing erections than treating angina. Pfizer realized ED was an unmet medical need and a major opportunity for […]

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Elephantiasis tropica

Elephantiasis is the enlargement and hardening of limbs or body parts due to tissue swelling.[1][2] It is characterised by edema, hypertrophy, and fibrosis of skin and subcutaneous tissues, due to obstruction of lymphatic vessels.[2] It may affect the genitalia.[2] The term elephantiasis is often used in reference to (symptoms caused by) parasitic worm infections,[1][2] but may refer to variety of diseases […]

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The Fregoli Delusion: A Disorder of Person Identification and Tracking

Abstract Fregoli delusion is the mistaken belief that some person currently present in the deluded person’s environment (typically a stranger) is a familiar person in disguise. The stranger is believed to be psychologically identical to this known person (who is not present) even though the deluded person perceives the physical appearance of the stranger as […]

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A woman was denied a transplant because she had alcohol in her system despite saying she doesn’t drink. It turned out she had ‘auto-brewery syndrome.’

A 61-year-old woman with cirrhosis was denied a liver transplant when doctors suspected she had a drinking problem. She had tested positive for alcohol use despite claiming she didn’t drink. The woman actually had a rare disorder called auto-brewery syndrome, when the body produces alcohol internally due to bacteria and yeast. It is the first-known […]

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